Thyroid cancer is a relatively uncommon cancer although its incidence is increasing particularly among women. Because of the slow pace of spread of differentiated thyroid cancers a one-size fits all approach to the management of patients with this cancer is to be avoided. In this brief outline of the various types of thyroid cancer and their treatment the author has attempted to provide the necessary background knowledge to patients who would like to better understand their disease and use this information to actively participate in the diagnosis and treatment of their cancer.
Dr. Elias is a Professor of Medicine at the University of California Irvine. After receiving his training in Internal Medicine and Anatomic Pathology he completed training in the subspecialty of Endocrinology and Metabolism at the State University of New York at Syracuse. He is board certified in Internal Medicine (US and Canada) and Endocrinology and Metabolism (US) and is the principal author of more than 150 peer reviewed scientific publications primarily in basic and clinical endocrinology. He has diverse research interests and has published works dealing with endocrine hypertension, hormonal changes with acute exercise, regulation of pituitary hormone secretion in humans by the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and alteration of hormone secretion in patients with kidney disease. He is currently working on the mechanism of action of antithyroid drugs in the treatment of autoimmune skin disorders such as psoriasis and hold many patents for the use of these agents in the treatment of autoimmune skin diseases. He has a long-standing interest in thyroid disease and published the first study that examined the role of different forms of treatment on the progression of eye disease (exophthalmos) in patients with Graves’ hyperthyroidism. This outline of thyroid cancer that he has put together reflects his 30-year experience and interpretation of the diagnostic and management protocols currently being used to treat patients with the disease.