After the disintegration of the USSR the events of September 11, 2001 changed the geopolitical image and significance of Central Asia and Afghanistan.For the period which followed after the commencement of the anti-terrorist operation in Afghanistan in 2001 drastic alterations took place both in Tajikistan and Afghanistan.The new political structure has been firmly rooting in Tajikistan, the final peaceful regularization of the inter-Tajik conflict has been the reality of today. Consolidation of political forces has been intensifying its strength; timid but assured steps being aimed at building up a secular democratic state. We witness an inception of peaceful creation. They carry into effect grand geostrategic projects on establishment of infrastructure of external economic links, construction of gigantic power stations – all that ensures favorable conditions for extension of political, external economic, cultural ties with regional states, including Afghanistan. Since the commencement of the anti-terrorist operation the Taliban and Al-Qaida movements were neutralized on this long-suffering earth. The Summit in Bonn laid foundations for the formation of coalitional government. Being supported by world community the Afghan people got into the stride of building up the grounds of its state – they adopted the Constitution of the country, elected the President and the Parliament (Loya Jirga). The state started a post-war recovery of the country looking forward to resolving urgent social and economic problems – uplifting of the most important units of national economy, clearing the country’s territory from mines, return of refugees with providing habitation and jobs for them; they commenced to establish a public service and enforcement frameworks, it is going on with the struggle against terrorism and extremism, radical forces. How were those political events in Afghanistan moving, what strategic goals were pursued by ATO participants, what is the plight of economy in Afghanistan and what are the potential availabilities of the Republic of Tajikistan and the states as a whole in view of post-conflict reconstruction of Afghanistan?What are the probable streamlines in regard to cultural spiritual cooperation between the Republic of Tajikistan and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan? What is the role of the Tajik-Afghan border in the context of regional security?In a word, how was the relationship between the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and the Republic of Tajikistan and Central Asian states upon the whole shaping for the latest years, what are the liable perspectives of these countries that may be anticipated in the offing? The readers of this book can learn this all. It is assigned for the students of international relations department of higher schools, as well as for diplomats, political scientists, historians, journalists -international law experts and for a wide circle of readers as well.
Jura LatifovBrief description of labor activities Before 1964 he was engaged in his professional occupation. In 1964 he was invited for Komsomol work as a secretary of Oktyabr district; then was the first secretary of Dushanbe urban committee of the Young Communist League (YCL), worked as a secretary of Tajikistan CC of Lenin YCL. In 1975 he entered the Academy of Social Sciences under CC of CPSU in Moscow as post-graduate; upon completion of studies he successfully defended a Ph.D. thesis. He was awarded a degree of candidate on History. Since 1975 he was assigned as party officer being a secretary of Dushanbe urban committee of Communist Party of Tajikistan. Since 1980 – first secretary of the Central district committee of Tajikistan CP. 1985-1988 – chief of the department for propaganda and agitation under CC of Tajikistan CP. 1988-1990 – editor-in-chief of the journal “Kommunist Tajikistana” (Communist of Tajikistan). 1990-1992 – on diplomatic service of Tajik SSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs, first secretary of USSR Embassy in Afghanistan. Since 1992 – Chief of Labor Migration Office under the Ministry of Labor and Social Employment. 1998-1999 – chief of Science Office under the Ministry of Education.1999-2001 – Executive Director of the educational reform project funded by World Bank.Since 2001 up to the present time – Professor, chief of “International Relations” department of the Russian-Tajik (Slavonic) University. Jura Latifov is a participant of international conferences, held in Moscow, Helsinki, Ankara, London, Turin, Vienna, Tehran etc. His scientific articles are published in Moscow, New-York, Tehran and other cities. He is an author of over 70 scientific works – monographs, brochures, journal articles. He is awarded the honorable title “Merited Worker of the Republic of Tajikistan”, the order “Friendship of Peoples”, five USSR medals, the medal “The Fifth Anniversary of Afghanistan Armed Forces”, the medal of the Republic of Afghanistan “From the Grateful Afghan People”, Honorable Diploma of the Supreme Soviet of the Tajik SSR.He is a Dr. of history, professor, academician of the Russian Academy of Pedagogical and Social Sciences. Since 2001 up to the p. t – Professor, chief of “International Relations” department of the Russian-Tajik (Slavonic) University. J. Latifov is an “Ambassador for Peace” (Universal Peace Federation. USA). 2007